This activity is intended for infectious disease and HIV specialists engaged in the care of patients with HIV.
Individuals with HIV frequently also have hepatitis B infection because the viruses have similar risk factors for exposure. The presence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) is necessary for the in vivo viral replication of hepatitis D virus (HDV), and these combined infections increase the risk and rapidity of cirrhosis and liver failure. Dr. Laura Waters and Dr. Jürgen Rockstroh review the elevated risks associated with concomitant hepatitis B and D infection in people with HIV, international HDV screening requirements, and management approaches that target HIV, HBV, and HDV in this complex patient population.
- Implement optimal approaches to caring for people with HIV coinfected with another viral infection
Jürgen Rockstroh, MD
Professor of Medicine
Head, HIV Outpatient Clinic
University of Bonn
Laura Waters, MD, FRCP
Consultant Physician, Sexual Heath & HIV
Chair British HIV Association
Mortimer Market Centre
London, United Kingdom
Disclosure of Conflicts of Interest
PACE requires instructors, planners, managers, and other individuals who are in a position to control the content of this activity to disclose all financial relationships they may have with ineligible companies. All relevant financial relationships are thoroughly vetted and mitigated according to PACE policy. PACE is committed to providing learners with high-quality accredited CE activities and related materials that promote improvements or quality in healthcare and not a specific proprietary business interest of an ineligible company.
The faculty reported the following relevant financial relationships with ineligible entities related to the educational content of this CME/CE activity:
Jürgen Rockstroh, MD:
Consulting Fees/Advisor/Speaker: Abivax SA, Gilead Sciences, Inc., Merck & Co, Inc., Theratechnologies Inc., ViiV Healthcare
Laura Waters, MD:
Consulting Fees/Advisor/Speaker: Cipla Limited, Gilead Sciences, Inc., Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Merck & Co, Inc., Mylan Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Theratechnologies Inc., ViiV Healthcare
Researcher: Gilead Sciences, Inc., Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc., ViiV Healthcare
The PACE planners and others have nothing to disclose. The Integritas Communications planners and others have nothing to disclose.
Instructions to Receive Credit
To receive credit for this activity, participants must complete the preactivity questionnaire, complete and receive a score of 100% on the posttest, and complete the program evaluation.
There is no fee for this educational activity.
Joint Accreditation Statement
In support of improving patient care, this activity has been planned and implemented by Partners for Advancing Clinical Education (PACE) and Integritas Communications. PACE is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.
Physician Continuing Education
PACE designates this enduring activity for a maximum of 0.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
Continuing Nursing Education
The maximum number of hours awarded for this Continuing Nursing Education activity is 0.25 contact hours.
Disclosure of Unlabeled Use
This educational activity may contain discussion of published and/or investigational uses of agents that are not indicated by the US Food and Drug Administration. The planners of this activity do not recommend the use of any agent outside of the labeled indications. The opinions expressed in the educational activity are those of the faculty and do not necessarily represent the views of the planners. Please refer to the official prescribing information for each product for discussion of approved indications, contraindications, and warnings.
Participants have an implied responsibility to use the newly acquired information to enhance patient outcomes and their own professional development. The information presented in this activity is not meant to serve as a guideline for patient management. Any procedures, medications, or other courses of diagnosis or treatment discussed or suggested in this activity should not be used by clinicians without evaluation of their patients’ conditions and possible contraindications and/or dangers in use, review of any applicable manufacturer's product information, and comparison with recommendations of other authorities.
CME Questions – PACE Contact Information
For information about the accreditation of this program, please contact PACE https://partnersed.com/
Integritas Contact Information
For all other questions regarding this activity, please contact Integritas via email at email@example.com.
Computer System Requirements
1.4 GHz Intel Pentium 4 or faster processor (or equivalent)
Windows 10, 8.1 (32-bit/64-bit), Windows 7 (32-bit/64-bit)
512 MB of RAM (1 GB recommended)
Microsoft Internet Explorer 11 or later, Windows Edge browser, Mozilla Firefox, and Google Chrome
For HTML Client – Google Chrome (v70.0 & above), Mozilla Firefox (v65.0 & above), and Edge (v42.0 & above)
1.83 GHz Intel Core Duo or faster processor
512 MB of RAM (1 GB recommended)
MAC OS X 10.12, 10.13 and 10.14
Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, Google Chrome
For HTML Client – Google Chrome (v70.0 & above), Apple Safari (v12.0 & above), and Mozilla Firefox (v65.0 & above)