Comprehensive Management of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Immunology of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Barnes PJ. Nat Rev Immunol. 2008;8(3):183-192
Use of spirometry in the diagnosis of COPD: a qualitative study in primary care.
Joo MJ, et al. COPD. 2013;10(4):444-449.
Diagnosing and treating COPD: understanding the challenges and finding solutions.
Fromer L. Int J Gen Med. 2011;4:729-739.
Practical aspects of inhaler use in the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the primary care setting.
Yawn BP, et al. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2012;7:495-502.
A re-evaluation of the role of inhaled corticosteroids in the management of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
D’Urzo A, et al. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2015;16(12):1845-1860.
Management of patients during and after exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: the role of primary care physicians.
Yawn BP, Thomashow B. Int J Gen Med. 2011;4:665-676.
Factors affecting chronic obstructive pulmonary disease early rehospitalization
Nantsupawat T, et al. Chron Respir Dis. 2012;9(2):93-98
Outpatient follow-up visit and 30-day emergency department visit and readmission in patients hospitalized for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Sharma G, et al. Arch Intern Med. 2010;170(18):1664-1670.
Effect of roflumilast on exacerbations in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease uncontrolled by combination therapy (REACT): a multicentre randomised controlled trial.
Martinez FJ, et al. Lancet. 2015;385(9971):857-866
Global Strategy for the Diagnosis, Management and Prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) 2016
Introducing the COPD Foundation Guide for Diagnosis and Management of COPD, Recommendations of the COPD Foundation.
Rennard S, et al. COPD. 2013;10(3):378-389.
American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST Foundation)
The mission of CHEST Foundation is to develop resources to champion the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of chest diseases through education, communication, and research..
American Lung Association
The American Lung Association is the leading organization working to save lives by improving lung health and preventing lung disease through education, advocacy, and research..
The COPD Foundation’s mission is to prevent and cure chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and to improve the lives of all people affected by COPD.
The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD).
GOLD partners with health care professionals and public health officials to raise awareness of COPD and to improve prevention and treatment of this lung disease for patients around the world..
Clinical Assessment Tools
Development and first validation of the COPD Assessment Test
Jones PW, et al. Eur Respir J. 2009;34(3):648-654.
Usefulness of the Medical Research Council (MRC) dyspnoea scale as a measure of disability in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Bestall JC, et al. Thorax. 1999;54(7):581-586.;