Suggested Readings

Ankylosing spondylitis diagnosis in US patients with back pain: Identifying providers involved and factors associated with rheumatology referral delay.

Deodhar A, et al. Clin Rheumatol.

Evaluation of multiple referral strategies for axial spondyloarthritis in the SPondyloArthritis Caught Early (SPACE) cohort.

Abawi O, et al. RMD Open. 2017;3(1):e000389.

Gender-attributable differences in outcome of ankylosing spondylitis: Long-term results from the Outcome in Ankylosing Spondylitis International Study.

Webers C, et al. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2016;55(3):419-428.

Is the current ASAS expert definition of a positive family history useful in identifying axial spondyloarthritis? Results from the SPACE and DESIR cohorts.

Ez-Zaitouni Z, et al. Arthritis Res Ther. 2017;19(1):118.

MRI evidence of structural changes in the sacroiliac joints of patients with nonradiographic axial spondyloarthritis even in the absence of MRI inflammation.

Maksymowych WP, et al. Arthritis Res Ther. 2017;19:126.

Patient-reported impact of spondyloarthritis on work disability and working life: the ATLANTIS survey.

Ramonda R, et al. Arthritis Res Ther. 2016;18:78.

The journey to diagnosis of AS/AxSpA: The impact of delay.

Martindale J, Goodacre L. Musculoskeletal Care. 2014;12(4):221-231.

The prevalence and clinical characteristics of nonradiographic axial spondyloarthritis among patients with inflammatory back pain in rheumatology practices: A multinational, multicenter study.

Burgos-Varga R, et al. Arthritis Res Ther. 2016;18:132.

Treating axial spondyloarthritis and peripheral spondyloarthritis, especially psoriatic arthritis, to target: 2017 update of recommendations by an international task force.

Smolen JS, et al. Ann Rheum Dis. 2017. [Epub ahead of print].

Patient-Education Resources

Welcome to the Spondyloarthritis Community.

Spondylitis Association of America, 2017.
The Spondylitis Association of America (SAA) is a nonprofit organization founded in 1983 to address the needs of people living with spondylitis. This site includes an inflammatory back pain quiz, disease education, and links to numerous patient-support resources.


American College of Rheumatology, 2013.
This patient-oriented site addresses frequently asked questions regarding spondyloarthritis.


Arthritis Foundation.
This site provides a succinct overview of spondyloarthritis causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and self-care.

Related activities
1.00 CME/CE

Can You Spot Axial Spondyloarthritis?

The PCP’s Role in Timely Recognition and Referral

Faculty: Lianne Gensler, MD; Paul Nadler, MD
Release: 10/31/2017
Expiration: 10/31/2018